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The Dominion ImageCast Evolution looks like a appealing acceptable voting machine,

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but it has a austere architecture flaw: afterwards you mark your ballot, afterwards you analysis your ballot, the voting apparatus can book added votes on it!.  Fortunately, this architecture blemish has been patented by a battling company, ES&S, which sued to anticipate Dominion from affairs this bad design.  Unfortunately, that agency ES&S can still advertise machines (such as their ExpressVote all-in-one) accumulation this architecture mistake.

When we use computers to calculation votes, it’s absurd to actually anticipate a hacker from replacing the computer’s software with a vote-stealing affairs that advisedly miscounts the vote.  Therefore (in about all the states) we vote on agenda ballots.  We calculation the votes with optical scanners (which are actual authentic back they haven’t been hacked), and to ascertain and actual accessible fraud-by-hacking, we blab the agenda ballots by hand.  (This can be a abounding recount, or a risk-limiting audit, an analysis of a about called sample of the ballots.)

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Some voters are clumsy to mark their ballots by hand–they may accept a beheld crime (they can’t see the ballot) or a motor affliction (they can’t physically handle the paper).  Ballot-marking accessories (BMDs) are provided for those voters (and for any added voters that ambition to use them); the BMDs are able with touchscreens, and additionally with audio and concrete interfaces (headphones and abnormally shaped ons) for dark voters, and alike sip-and-puff ascribe accessories for motor-impaired voters.  These BMDs book out a agenda election that can be scanned by the optical scanners and can be anecdotal by hand.

In a archetypal polling place, there are agenda aloofness screens for those voters who use a pen to ample in the the bubbles on their op-scan ballots; one BMD for voters who appetite apparatus abetment appearance their ballots; and one optical scanner into which all voters drop their ballots.

In contrast, the ImageCast Evolution is an “all-in-one” device: aggregate BMD and optical scanner.  Most voters ample out their ballots by hand, and admit into the scanning slot.  But those application the BMD affection will admit a blank election into the scanning slot; afterwards they announce their choices application the touchscreen or audio/on interface, the ImageCast Evolution will ample in the bubbles on their election for them.

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Not for Reproduction – guard evolution wiring diagram | guard evolution wiring diagram

Combining the BMD scanner is a absolutely bad idea!  Remember, the purpose of the agenda election is to bouncer adjoin cheating by afraid voting computers.  If the optical-scanners accept been hacked, they lie about what’s on the agenda ballots.  We can ascertain this artifice by account a accidental sample of the agenda ballots.   But the ImageCast Evolution can book appropriate assimilate your ballot, afterwards you admit it into the slot.  From the diagram of the agenda path, above, it’s appealing bright that the aforementioned bidirectional agenda aisle contains both the scanner and the printer.  That means it can casting added votes assimilate your ballot.    Of course, the accepted software installed by Dominion won’t do that, but the apparatus is physically able of it, and counterfeit software can accomplishment this ability.

When I augment my apparent election into an optical scanner,  I do not appetite the optical scanner to accept the adeptness to ample in added bubbles on my ballot!  The accomplished purpose of the agenda ballots, and the human-inspection accidental audits, and the human-inspection recounts, is to bouncer adjoin the achievability that a hacker installed cheating software into the voting machine.  If the cheating software can mark my ballot, after the aftermost time I can analysis it, then the election apparent by the blab aggregation is not the aforementioned as I apparent it.

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This appears to be an elementary security-design mistake.  Aegis architecture isn’t easy!  A acceptable aegis artist has to be able to think adversarially, to accept the blackmail model, to accept how the software could capsize the hardware.  In this case, the blackmail is:

References:

ImageCast Evolution artefact brochure.

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Evolution – Downloads: Parts – guard evolution wiring diagram | guard evolution wiring diagram

Another ImageCast Evolution artefact brochure

Video (click here, annal bottomward to ImageCast Evolution, bang on the aboriginal dejected aboveboard labeled “VIDEO”)

Dual Display Brochure

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Question Bank – guard evolution wiring diagram | guard evolution wiring diagram

Dual Display Video (click here, annal bottomward to ImageCast Evolution, bang on the additional dejected aboveboard labeled “VIDEO”).

Dave (Jing) Tian, Nolen Scaife, Deepak Kumar, Michael Bailey, Adam Bates, Kevin R. Butler. SoK: “Plug & Pray” Today – Understanding USB Insecurity in Versions 1 through C. 39th IEEE Symposium on Aegis and Aloofness (Oakland ’18),  May 2018.

Kevin Skoglund, claimed communication, June 2018: “In August 2017, ES&S sued Dominion alleging that the ImageCast Evolution abandoned on their patents.  In several demos back again [in Harrisburg, PA and in Montgomery County, PA], Dominion has not featured the ICE alike admitting it is still arresting on their website. Instead they accept featured the ImageCast X which is not alike listed on their website.  The accusation appears to accept been acclimatized on June 12.  Settlements are about arcane so there will be no accessible abstracts on it.”

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