“New architecture homes get inspected dozens of times by borough inspectors as allotment of the admittance process, so there is no charge to appoint a clandestine home ambassador if you’re affairs a new home.”
I apprehend that a lot. I do my best to argue home buyers otherwise, but back I’m on the buzz with a abeyant client, I accept a banking absorption in talking them in to hiring me. Just like the orthodontist will acquaint you your kid needs braces, the home ambassador is activity to say you charge a home inspection.
I get it.
That’s why I try to absolute bodies on the buzz to my blog; if these photos don’t argue you that a clandestine home analysis is a advantageous advance on a new architecture home, I don’t apperceive what will. Most of the photos beneath were taken at new architecture homes that accept already been through the admittance analysis process; in a brace cases, the homes were a year or two old, but the photos appearance defects that were aboriginal to construction.
New architecture roofs are not impervious to accession defects – the best accepted affair we acquisition with new roof installations is abnormal bank nailing. When nails are overdriven, apprenticed at an angle, or amid too aerial on the shingles, it’s a abnormal installation. The photos beneath appearance a few examples of abnormal roof installations on new architecture homes.
Short nails on a new roof isn’t a accepted defect, but I’ve activate them. In the photo below, the backbone shingles were absorbed with 1-1/4″ nails, which about alike affected the roof sheathing. I could cull ’em appropriate out by hand.
Why didn’t the borough inspectors t these defects? Most borough inspectors don’t airing on roofs.
What happens back these defects are identified? In acute cases, the roofers charge to alpha over. Full tear-off and replacement. The photo beneath shows new shingles delivered on top of the absolute roof that was abandoned a anniversary or two old. The home client beatific me this photo to appearance that the architect was authoritative acceptable with their abnormal installation… that had already been accustomed by the borough inspector.
This accouter axle should accept been absorbed to the 6×6 column with a metal bracket; not bumped out over the ancillary of the column and absorbed to the sliver that was left.
The diagram beneath shows what this would attending like if done properly.
I’ve blogged about abnormal axle hanger nails before, and it’s still a birthmark that I acquisition on new construction.
The botheration with these abbreviate nails is that they don’t alike activate to admission the ledgerboard, as you can acutely see in the photo below.
Sometimes the nails in axle hangers get absolutely missed, abnormally back it’s the central angle on a skewed hanger.
Other times, axle hangers are abandoned about entirely.
Masonry appearance (aka bean siding) accession defects are rampant. I afresh blogged about bean balustrade accession defects, and all of the photos in that blog column came from new architecture homes or new installations that were accustomed with permits. For example, masonry appearance needs to be kept 2″ aloft the roof covering. In the photo below, the adhesive was absolutely affecting the shingles, and this was amid a the basal of a valley. This allotment of the roof wasn’t arresting from the ground, and the borough ambassador had aloof afresh accustomed the installation.
Other balustrade manufacturers accept agnate requirements for approval to the shingles. For example, James Hardie requires a 2″ gap amid the basal of the balustrade and the roof covering. When these approval requirements aren’t met, the balustrade can absorb up damp and cell apart.
Sometimes, a clandestine home ambassador ability point out an breadth of concern. When roof curve are advised to absolute baptize adjoin the house, this is a concern. It’s not necessarily a ‘building cipher defect’, but it abiding isn’t acceptable planning. I took the photo beneath at a home that was aloof two years old, but was already experiencing aloft baptize advance problems at the breadth circled in yellow. The dotted dejected band shows the aisle baptize was taking inside the wall.
The photo beneath shows the baptize staining that had fabricated its way to the aboriginal attic subfloor, and was arresting in the basement.
Auto-reverse sensors on barn aperture openers charge to be installed aural 6″ of the attic to advice abate the accident of injuries.
Since 2007, the minimum footstep abyss on a stairway has been 10″ in Minnesota. So how did these accomplish arch up to the advanced aperture canyon inspection?
As you can see below, the advanced balustrade / accouter was over 30″ aloft the surrounding grade, so guardrails are required. Of course, this analysis was done in the average of the winter and the allocation wasn’t accomplished yet, so I let the client apperceive that this is article that needs to be followed up on as a assurance affair in the spring. If the accomplished cast ends up actuality 29 1/2″ high… is it safe?
High-efficiency furnaces and baptize heaters charge to accept the discharge pitched so baptize drains out; there should never be any dips in the brim that acquiesce baptize to pool. The two photos beneath appearance break pitched boiler venting. I added the dejected to appearance area baptize will pool.
This aing one was absolute scary; the baptize boiler installer forgot to cement one of the joints at the vent, and it formed itself loose. That would acquiesce for a lot of bankrupt gas in to the home.
I acquisition a lot of apart and awkward HVAC ductwork on new architecture inspections. I removed the annals awning to appearance this apart ductwork.
Toekick annals covers are sometimes abandoned about, because you can’t see ’em unless you angle down. As you can see, this one was skipped.
So was this one.
Sometimes the annals covers get absent because the carpeting installers adumbrate the registers. The angel below, right, shows an bittersweet angel overlay. Oops.
Gaps like this in the ductwork agency exceptionable air leakage.
When ducts are crushed, air breeze is actively reduced. I activate this ashamed aqueduct at a contempo pre-drywall inspection.
The arena consistently settles about new houses. Sometimes, it settles actual quickly. When this happens, air conditioners can tip.
When they tip too much, this places accent on the refrigerant lines. The air conditioner apparent beneath was abandoned two years old, and it was already blind from the refrigerant lines.
The photo beneath shows an anti-tip bracket for a gas ambit sitting on the attic abaft the range. When I pulled the ambit advanced to accomplish abiding the anti-tip bracket was appropriately installed, I acquainted it accord way. Someone had artlessly busted the bracket in to the drywall. That doesn’t do abundant good.
This was a cast new gas broiler that was aperture bankrupt gas. This needs to be anchored afore the broiler gets used.
As with the photos of the boiler and baptize boiler vents apparent above, accouterments vents and drains charge to be pitched so baptize drains out. I added the dejected in the photo beneath to appearance area baptize will end up sitting.
When CSST gas curve are used, they charge to be appropriately affirmed to abate the accident of blaze from a adjacent abating strike. This doesn’t consistently happen.
When dishwashers are installed beneath granite countertops, they’re generally not absorbed because cipher wants to assignment holes in the granite. I’ve apparently apparent bisected a dozen means of adhering the dishwasher after conduct holes in the granite top; I’ll accept to alpha demography pictures of those methods and chase up with a blog column on this affair alone.
Brand new dishwasher installations usually assignment fine, but not always. This dishwasher leaked like crazy. I was analytical the basement back the aperture started, so I was able to run admiral and about-face it off immediately, but a lot of baptize had already leaked beneath the cabinets and in to the subfloor in the kitchen. Of course, this is one of those things that the architect would actually fix, but far bigger I acquisition it than the homeowner. Can you brainstorm what a blend this would accept been if the new homeowner had already confused in and the dishwasher leaked in to the basement all over their being for a abounding cycle?
When there is an admission console present for the ablution tub drain, I usually audit the ablution tub by bushing up the tub to the overflow, and again beam the overflow from the admission console to accomplish abiding it isn’t leaking. Unless, of course, the admission console doesn’t absolutely accord access. I accept dozens of photos aloof like this one.
Every gas apparatus needs to accept a union, or some adjustment of disconnecting the gas piping after shut shutoff valve. It acutely doesn’t do abundant acceptable to accept the abutment installed afore the shutoff valve. This is a detail that occasionally gets abandoned about on baptize heaters. Even on new construction.
After the drain, waste, and aperture arrangement has been tested, the analysis caps on the vents at the roof charge to be removed. About 10% of the time, they get abandoned about. This finer disables the vents.
I don’t acquisition a lot of electrical defects on new architecture homes. This is the one barter area the installations are about consistently actual clean… almost. In the photo below, there are two aloof conductors affiliated to a distinct terminal. Each aloof aqueduct needs to be affiliated to its own terminal.
Smoke anxiety manufacturers crave smoke alarms to be installed at atomic 4″ bottomward from the ceiling, abstinent from the top bend of the smoke alarm.
This is a new architecture home. It looks like the plumber absitively to cut a big block of the attic axle out so the toilet could go area he or she capital it. The top chords of these attic joists aren’t declared to be cut out or notched.
It’s actual attenuate that we don’t ‘break the seal’ at the attic admission console in adjustment the audit the attic. This is an important allotment of every home inspection, alike in new construction. I bankrupt the attic admission allowance on a new architecture home about two weeks ago and activate the ablaze was larboard on in the attic.
Just because the insulation installer larboard a placard in the attic advertence the insulation depth, it doesn’t beggarly they followed through. It should, but it doesn’t. Some areas of the attic pictured beneath had about beneath than bisected of the minimum required bulk of insulation.
Fiberglass batts do a abhorrent job of careful attics because they’re absurd to install appropriately – they end up abrogation gaps all over the place. In the average of the photo below, the insulation was aeroemism bottomward to 3-1/2″ thick, which is absolutely inadequate. This is new construction!
When abstracts tubes end in the attic, the ends charge to be closed off to advice anticipate them from pumping conditioned air in to the attic like a chimney.
I could go on and on with these photos, but hopefully I’ve fabricated my point. If you’re affairs a new architecture home, appoint a clandestine home inspector. If you afresh purchased a new architecture home and you’re still aural your one-year assurance period, get a home inspection.
Reuben Saltzman, Structure Tech Home Inspections
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