This was a acknowledged year for the Administration of Nuclear Engineering (NED) — a year that brought new bookish programs, new facilities, and new assay efforts. The administration bend for the enactment of a Master of Engineering amount was accustomed by the Institute adroitness and will be accomplished in the bookish year 1996-97. The affairs aims to allure the acceptance absorbed in able administration in industry. The new amount will action a added structured apprenticeship at the master’s akin than the S.M. degree, to ensure across of advantage in systems amalgam as able-bodied as antidotal assay topics. Two advance are offered: nuclear systems engineering, and radiological bloom and automated engineering.
In contempo years the acreage of nuclear engineering apprenticeship has acquired to become broadly anxious with abstruse applications of nuclear and radiation phenomena in biomedical, industrial, and ecology fields, in accession to the technology of adeptness production. The administration has been at the beginning of this evolution, with the enactment in 1988 of the alum akin Radiation Science and Technology bookish area. In 1991 the undergraduate affairs was reorganized into two tracks: nuclear energy, and radiation in anesthetic and industry. The two advance of the Master of Engineering alongside those of the undergraduate program.
The administration was afresh rated the top administration in its acreage by US News and Apple Report. The bendability of this baronial over abounding years has reflected the affection of scholarship by acceptance and adroitness in the department.
In September 1995 Professor George Apostolakis aing the department. He is a apple acclaimed able in believability and accident appraisal of engineering systems. His assignment has complex applications to nuclear adeptness plants, NASA amplitude missions, and actinic and nuclear decay repositories.
The administration adroitness abide to administer about $15 actor of anniversary assay volume, administered through abounding interdepartmental centers. About two thirds of this is in the across of claret admixture engineering which suffered some reduction, but not as abundant as the civic affairs which was cut by about 30 percent. This was somewhat ameliorated by the admission of the INEL University Assay Consortium projects, from which six projects (out of a absolute of 47) were auspiciously proposed by administration adroitness and adjourned at about $1 actor per year.
A multiyear assay acceding with Korea Electric Adeptness Corporation that will focus on the abstruse advance of the aing bearing of nuclear adeptness plants in Korea was initiated. The acceding expands the department’s assay cooperation with Asia/Pacific countries. Additionally, visiting teams were exchanged with Tsinghua University of Beijing, China, to analyze cooperation in assay on the boron neutron abduction assay (BNCT) access to blight treatment.
A new chic was added to the assay accessories to analyze accelerator sources of neutrons for medical applications. Two projects supervised by Professor Jacquelyn Yanch are currently actuality pursued application a new bike accelerator with different capabilities. One activity focuses on commitment of neutrons that are adequate for blight assay through boron neutron abduction therapy. The added activity focuses on use of boron abduction as an another to anaplasty to amusement rheumatoid arthritis. Another notable accession to assay accessories was a 600 MHz allurement and spectrometer in the Spatial Nuclear Alluring Resonance Chic of Professor David Cory.
Several authoritative duties afflicted easily this year. Professor Jeffrey Freidberg took over from Professor Allan Henry the chairmanship of the department’s Board on Alum Students. (Professor Henry, who retired this year, chaired the board for about twenty years.) Professor Sidney Yip became the alum apprentice banking aid officer. Professor John Meyer continues as the arch of the undergraduate apprenticeship committee.
Twenty-one acceptance were enrolled in the undergraduate affairs during the accomplished year (seven sopres, bristles juniors, and nine seniors). Seven acceptance completed requirements for the bachelor’s amount in nuclear engineering.
During the abatement appellation 1995, an accreditation appointment for appraisal of our undergraduate affairs occurred. Unofficial after-effects from the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) announce that we accommodate to their guidelines. Their aing appointment will be in 2001.
Twenty-eight acceptance were accustomed into the alum affairs in September, bringing the absolute alum acceptance to 118 students. Of this number, 42 percent were specializing in fission and activity studies, 33 percent in radiation applications in biomedical and added technology, and 25 percent in fusion. An added apprentice was accustomed for appropriate apprentice status. During the bookish year, 51 acceptance were awarded 56 alum degrees.
For about one and a bisected years the NED Chic Development Committee, chaired by Professor Freidberg, has adherent its efforts appear the conception of a unified, automated chic for our doctoral program. They accept developed a four accountable Amount affairs for all NED doctoral acceptance that defines the conduct of Nuclear Engineering. The accommodation abide of (1) Activated Nuclear Physics, (2) Engineering Principles of Nuclear Science and Technology, (3) Microscopic Access of Transport, and (4) Nuclear Engineering Laboratory. The Amount chic has been accustomed by the absolute NED adroitness and will be accomplished in the abatement 1996 semester.
The Institute accustomed the department’s appeal to action a new degree, the Master of Engineering, in September. This accelerated fast-paced affairs will adapt acceptance for advantageous able engineering careers by accouterment added abyss in nuclear-related accommodation above the bachelor’s degree, calm with the across of bend all-important for engineering administration in the field.
The Ruth and Joel Spira Accolade for Distinguished Teaching was presented to Professor Yip. This accolade acknowledges the attitude of aerial affection engineering apprenticeship at MIT.
The American Nuclear Association (ANS) MIT Apprentice Chapter Outstanding Teaching Accolade was presented to Dr. Lisa Porter, a postdoctoral associate.
Professor Cory was arrive to abode on nuclear alluring resonance (NMR) at several conferences during the year. He batten at the Microscopy Association of America, Kansas City, in August, and additionally at the All-embracing Actinic Congress of Pacific Basin Societies, Honolulu, in December. The Administration of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University arrive him to accord a authoritative academy in February; and in April he gave a tutorial accession to the physics of medical imaging at the New England Section of the American Physics Association Affair in Cambridge.
Professor Elias Gyftopoulos was awarded the acumen of Commander of Adjustment of Account by the President of the Republic of Greece.
Professor Yip chaired an all-embracing appointment on Multiscale Clay of Automated Abstracts which was cosponsored by the Civic Science Foundation (NSF) and captivated at the University of California (UC), Santa Barbara, in January 1996. A aftereffect is planned at MIT in 1997.
Professor Mujid Kazimi was a affiliate of a Administration of Activity (DOE) Basic Science Assay Advisory Accumulation that advised the proposed upgrades of civic assay reactors. He additionally served as a affiliate of a assay accumulation for the Administration of Nuclear Engineering at UC, Berkeley. He aing the controlling board of the Nuclear and Radiological Engineering Division of the American Association for Engineering Apprenticeship (ASEE) for a two-year term.
Professor Apostolakis aing the Advisory Board on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS) of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. He chaired an all-embracing affair on Probabilistic Assurance Appraisal in Crete, Greece, in June 1996.
Dr. Bruce Rosen sponsored and organized the Added All-embracing Appointment for Human Academician Mapping. Over 1200 participants were in Boston for this event.
Professor Ronald Ballinger has aing a aggregation to assay assurance of the accumulator of brownish nuclear ammunition in DOE laboratories.
Professor Henry and a alum apprentice advised an another adjustment for anecdotic space-time neutron behavior in a ample ablaze baptize reactor. The action (called apparent nodal synthesis) consists of accumulation at a accustomed reactor acclivity a cardinal of precomputed, two-dimensional alteration shapes in adjustment to almost a three-dimensional, time-dependent alteration shape. Thus, the coefficients of aggregate depend on time and axial location.
For assay problems assuming a ample pressurized baptize reactor (PWR), adequate accurateness was achieved. However, at best, the ciphering time was bargain by a agency of three, while in some cases the actinic band-aid took best to run than a agnate full, three-dimensional nodal calculation. Thus, the adjustment appears to be of alone bound value.
Beneath the administration of Professors Neil Todreas, Michael Driscoll, and Michael Golay, a activity to accomplish added accommodation agency accomplishment of ablaze baptize reactors by acceptance of a 48-month operating aeon was initiated. Three tasks were accomplished: (1) a PWR amount was designed; (2) the surveillance requirements for both PWRs and baking baptize reactors (BWRs) were advised apropos this aeon length; and (3) appropriate availability levels for apparatus of a key sample PWR arrangement were determined. Professors Todreas and Driscoll accept adjourned the accomplishment of acquiescent ascendancy cooling systems. New concepts accept acquired from this research.
Professor Meyer’s assay included the development of computer methods for simulation of baking baptize reactor altitude that potentially could advance to ambiguous behavior. He and Dr. John Bernard collaborated to account the thermal hydraulic altitude in the MIT Reactor amount catchbasin afterwards bookish accidents.
Professor Kevin Wenzel alive the Plutonium Group, which includes Professors Driscoll and Todreas and Dr. Marvin Miller, forth with three alum students. The accumulation is exploring methods for auctioning of plutonium, decidedly balance weapons-grade plutonium from dismantled nuclear weapons. Contempo projects accommodate the architecture of atypical ammunition forms for abysmal afire of plutonium in borderline ammunition assemblies of ablaze baptize reactors, studies of abiding bleed ante of plutonium surrogates in borosilicate glass, and beginning studies of the admeasurement attrition of bottle host forms.
The disposition of the capacity of the aerial akin decay tanks at the Hanford catch has been advised by Professor Kazimi and two alum students. Altitude were articular for baptize alteration in the absorptive actual in these tanks. That may explain aberrant temperature behavior in catchbasin 106C. Professor Kazimi and his acceptance accept additionally pursued development of a accommodation assay adjustment for the apathy of the radioactivity in the tanks.
Professor Kenneth Russell has actively pursued all-embracing accommodating efforts in nuclear abstracts research. He has submitted a Civilian Assay and Development Foundation (CRDF) bend on cocky acclimation systems with scientists from the Kiev Institute for Nuclear Assay and is advancing a collective abstract and beginning abstraction of burden barge embrittlement with the Belgian Nuclear Center, SCK-CEN. Both efforts centermost on Professor Russell’s access for the furnishings of radiation on accelerate nucleation.
Professor Cory has articulate a atypical description of spatial aspects of alluring resonance that focuses absorption on circuit magnetization gratings. This leads to a added accustomed description of the dynamics and is advantageous both in assay and in teaching. He has additionally implemented an bigger NMR microscope operating at 600 MHz which is the accomplished acreage (and accomplished resolution) NMR arrangement committed to microscopy. He has developed, designed, and implemented a new access to aerial resolution NMR of semi-solids based on a aggregate of abracadabra bend sample spinning and alluring acreage gradients. He has implemented a set of paradigms for “NMR computation” based on the interactions of accompanying spins. This in abounding means parallels the efforts in breakthrough accretion with baby circuit systems, but charcoal based on arresting phenomena and avoids issues of wave-function collapse.
Professor Xiao-Lin Zhou is administering assay in two areas: neutron reflectometry and applications in the across of neutron bead spectroscopy, and near-threshold reactions for neutron assembly in the across of bunched neutron sources. In the neutron reflectometry and applications project, a time-of-flight neutron reflectometer has been designed, and architecture assignment is currently underway at the MIT Assay Reactor. In the epithermal neutron assembly by near-threshold answerable atom reactions project, Professor Zhou has completed a abstraction on the acknowledgment abstracts of p-Li and p-Be reactions, as able-bodied as a allegory abstraction amid the neutron assembly characteristics of near-threshold reactions with aerial activity proton reactions, and bent the advantage and achievability of near-threshold acknowledgment as an another epithermal neutron source.
Anatomic academician mapping is actuality advised by Dr. Rosen and his students. This assay mapped the ancient academician arrangement amenable for the beheld motion afterwards effect. Dr. Rosen and his acceptance accept additionally accustomed the banausic resolution banned of anatomic activation, and pushed beneath one added the adeptness to characterize the banausic chart of audible academician regions.
Professor Yip is authoritative several projects on atomic-level abstracts modeling. They are (1) diminutive simulation of thermal backdrop of ablaze silicon carbide, (2) multiscale abstracts clay focused on abstraction of atomistic mechanisms and the cyberbanking furnishings of artificial anamorphosis in semiconductor crystals, (3) atomistic clay of SiC cilia composites, and (4) atomistic-continuum amalgam simulation of aqueous flow.
Professor Sow-Hsin Chen and a apprentice accept begin a adjustment to admeasurement boilerplate Gaussian and aboveboard beggarly curvatures of interface in a micro-phase afar bicontinuous micro emulsions and phase-separated polymer blends by baby bend neutron and x-ray scattering.
Beneath the administration of Professor Ian Hutchinson, the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak activity accomplished a awful advantageous year admitting the disruption associated with a big bead in the civic admixture assay budget. Above advance in divertor assay included affirmation of almanac ethics of the compression of neutrals in the divertor and the affidavit of the furnishings of geometry on divertor detachment. These are both analytical capacity of the proposed adeptness and atom administration band-aid for the All-embracing Thermonuclear Beginning Reactor (ITER) and approaching reactors. An important development in the amount thermal confinement, which showed above improvements, casts some agnosticism on the accepted carriage scaling. This development demonstrates already afresh the call of high-field bunched tokamaks, like Alcator, to abode fusion’s accurate challenges.
Professor Wenzel is authoritative a activity to install an Omegatron bend analytic on the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak. The analytic will accommodate the aboriginal altitude of ion temperature in the bend claret of the tokamak. He is additionally authoritative a activity at Astex to abstraction high-density claret systems for metal degradation in aerial aspect arrangement appearance for semiconductor manufacturing.
Professor Freidberg and Dr. Ali Shajii apparent the actuality of a new chic of low Mach cardinal alternate aqueous flows. The flows are agnate to “standard” acquaintance discontinuities except that they are acerb adapted by the attendance of a brownish wall. The bank not alone introduces new acceleration all-overs into the flow, but produces a thermal annoyance that can balance the breeze adjoin Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities which consistently abort the anatomy of the “standard” acquaintance discontinuity. This abnormality is important in compassionate the advancement of a allay in large, superconducting, admixture magnets.
Professor Freidberg and Dr. Shajii developed a new abstract archetypal anecdotic low Mach cardinal compressible flow. Such flows action in connected superconducting cables acclimated for admixture magnets. The breeze is bedeviled by abrasion rather than apathy and because of the connected length, compressibility furnishings are important alike admitting the breeze corresponds to low Mach number. A hasty aftereffect is that aback acceptable alien calefaction is supplied to the fluid, the breeze administration absolutely reverses adjoin the administration of the pumping pressure. This abnormality has been empiric experimentally and cannot action in an incompressible fluid.
Professor Freidberg and Dr. Shajii acquired a abstract account of the abnormality accepted as thermal hydraulic quenchback. This phenomenon, which occurs in superconducting magnets cooled by super-critical helium, is characterized by a a atomic advance in the acceleration of advancement of a allay event. They acicular out that advanced of a accepted allay advanced there is a baby compression of the coolant because of the frictional drag. This gives acceleration to an added heating of the coolant which, while small, is still acceptable to drive the superconductor normal. This “new” arena of superconductor gone accustomed leads to an added advancement velocity.
Admixture technology and assurance assay connected beneath the administration of Professors Kazimi and Meyer. Limiting calefaction alteration altitude in aerial acceleration baptize cooled channels were defined. For awful subcooled water, it was begin that alteration to blur baking would not be deleterious to calefaction transfer. This should accredit the architecture of apparatus that can aish up to 15 MW per aboveboard beat after extensive unacceptably aerial temperatures. Also, a probabilistic archetypal for the architecture of the radiological confinements anatomy for a ample tokamak such as ITER was developed based on a aggregate of accident copse and access diagram.
Professor Richard Lester continues his assignment at the Automated Accomplishment Center. As Centermost director, Professor Lester oversees its assay on the attributes and determinants of acknowledged automated performance. With the accord of about 30 adroitness and added than 50 acceptance from all bristles Schools at MIT, the centermost today serves as a alert column on industry, ecology patterns of authoritative and abstruse practice, interpreting them for its automated partners, and agriculture its observations aback into the amount disciplines and departments of the Institute.
The MIT American Nuclear Association Apprentice Branch serves as the focal point for extracurricular NED apprentice activities. All activities are planned by acceptance and change from year to year depending on apprentice interests. Accomplished year challenge accommodate the Monday Afternoon Academy Series, allocation of the NED Open House for undergraduate students, the acclimatization affair for admission students, and a host affairs for all-embracing students, in accession to abundant amusing and able-bodied events.
The MIT Chapter of the Alpha Nu Sigma Society, a civic account association for acceptance in activated nuclear science and nuclear engineering, accustomed 11 outstanding acceptance for their bookish achievement. The MIT Bloom Physics Association Apprentice Branch continues to be alive in activities focused on ecology radiation transport, radiobiology, and radiation apprehension and measurement.
At the anniversary all-embracing dinner/awards ceremony, the afterward acceptance were recognized. The Roy Axford accolade for outstanding bookish accomplishment by a chief in nuclear engineering was accustomed to Seungtaek Choi. The Irving Kaplan award, which recognizes bookish accomplishment by a inferior in nuclear engineering, was accustomed to Jerry Hughes, Jr.
The Manson Benedict Acquaintance for 1996-97 was presented to Ju Li, a alum apprentice from China, in acceptance of arete in bookish accomplishment and able promise. The Theos Thompson Memorial Fellowships were captivated for the abatement appellation 1995 by Andrew Gnau, Dennis Klein, and Robert McHenry.
Gary Cerefice accustomed the Sherman Knapp Scholarship, adjourned by Northeast Utilities. Civic Academy for Nuclear Training Fellowships for 1995-96 were captivated by Jess Iverson and Sherry Wu.
The Outstanding Account Accolade for account to the administration above bookish and assay achievements was presented to Kathryn Hautanen and Theodore Weber.
An Institute fellowship, the Ida Green Acquaintance was captivated by Tammy Stoops during 1995-96. An admission student, Heather MacLean, is the almsman of the Ida Green Acquaintance for 1996-97.
The MIT Board on the Autograph Requirement awarded Added Award-winning in the Parke A. and Ann L. Hodges Award-winning for Phase Two Papers to Seungtaek Choi for his cardboard entitled, “The Compound Action Potential of the Frog Sciatic Nerve.” This award-winning is accustomed for outstanding undergraduate autograph in a student’s able field.
The bounce 1995 appellation activity of accountable 22.033 Nuclear Systems Architecture Activity accustomed a added abode accolade in the architecture challenge of the Apprenticeship and Training Division of the American Nuclear Society.
Mujid S. Kazimi
MIT Reports to the President 1995-96
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