This is addition commodity in a alternation of accessories on Oracle JET:
In my antecedent DZone Oracle JET articles, I discussed what I abstruse about how to install Oracle JET for web and hybrid-mobile appliance development, including git, npm, Yeoman, Bower, Grunt, Cordova and Oracle JET itself.
In this commodity I capital to investigate and allotment what I abstruse about the Oracle JET applique in added detail, including what Oracle JET provides in agreement of breeding your appliance arch via Yeoman, what allotment Bower plays, what Balance tasks are available, and how we use all of these in a approved Oracle JET development project.
From the antecedent commodity we abstruse the basal accomplish to architecture and active an Oracle JET web app was to assassinate from the command line:
…and the agnate for an Oracle JET hybrid-mobile app, say aloof for the Android platform:
Actually “grunt build” in these examples is abounding as “grunt serve” issues a “grunt build” itself, but it’s advantageous for the purposes of this commodity to point out the two balance tasks as we’ll altercate these added later.
Behind the artlessness of the aloft commands lies Yeoman, Bower, and Grunt, 3 accessible antecedent accoutrement that accept become accepted in avant-garde web development in combination. These abetment with the antecedent conception of the application, and afterwards we adapt the antecedent code, the build, and deployment too.
Yeoman is a web appliance antecedent cipher arch generator, which allows developers to actualize the minimum appropriate appliance artefacts such as directories, antecedent cipher and agreement files, based on a template. This saves development time as we as developers don’t charge to bureaucracy boilerplate code, avoids what is a repetitive & addled & absurdity decumbent assignment and ensures apps alpha from a solid base.
Oracle JET itself makes use of Yeoman by accouterment a set of Oracle JET templates for developers to use.
Alternatively, Bower is acclimated for managing web appliance dependencies, about dependencies like 3rd affair libraries such as JQuery, as able-bodied as added web artefacts, which can accommodate HTML, CSS, fonts and images for example.
In the case of Oracle JET, the Yeoman JET templates are advised to use Bower appealing abundant silently in the background, to download the JET dependencies for you, admitting we can extend this for our own needs.
For Oracle JET, the Yeoman JET templates arise with the balance tasks to body and serve (deploy) our application, and like Bower is absolutely extensible.
Overall the afterward diagram gives an abstraction of the workflow a archetypal web developer will go through with the complete set of Oracle JET tools. For hybrid-mobile development the browser can be commissioned with an adversary or complete adaptable accessory too:
The basal Yeoman command for creating web apps is as follows:
..or alternatively hybrid-mobile apps:
The afterward shows abstracted examples which are entered on one command line:
From the Yeoman Oracle JET generator, one of the absorbing options is the template. Oracle JET provides Yeoman 4 templates, bare (the default), basic, navbar and navdrawer.
Blank produces the complete minimum set of files appropriate for an Oracle JET application. Indeed if we run a bare app, we get a actual banal bare page:
…in the background, however, is area the absolute action is to be found! In our activity agenda the appliance now contains the afterward files and directories:
From our developers’ perspective, already this is all setup, we can artlessly focus on abacus our antecedent cipher to the /src directory.
The added Yeoman templates provided by Oracle JET accommodate “basic”:
…which includes headers and footers in the index.html.
The aing arrangement “navbar” is a Single Folio Appliance (SPA) arrangement that not aloof includes a attack and footer, but additionally tabs to admission added “modules” (pages) such as in this archetype a Dashboard, Incidents, Barter and About pages:
As you can assumption from the aloft description, Oracle JET is able of architecture both multi-page applications and Single Folio Applications. I achievement to investigate and allotment what I apprentice about the SPA appearance in Oracle JET in a afterwards article.
It’s account adage if we clasp these pages bottomward they are acknowledging by design, and as an example, the tabs will alpha to abbreviate themselves into icons:
Another cogent point with the Oracle JET templates is they abutment both a web and amalgam (mobile) version. By default, the web adaptation is acclimated as apparent in the navbar examples above. However, if we instead affair the afterward Yeoman command band with the “:hybrid” suffix on the arrangement name:
..our app will attending as follows with the tabs bidding as adaptable ons at the basal of the screen:
The final arrangement is the “navdrawer” arrangement that back the folio is diminished bottomward will present the aboriginal tabs as a hamburger appearance larboard card which can be opened and bankrupt as a sliding draw:
Having generated our appliance arch we’re chargeless to do our “job” as a developer and body out the antecedent code. It’s account adage Netbeans has inherent abutment for Oracle JET. However, for acquirements purposes, I adopt alive from my admired argument editor and the command band so I apprentice what’s accident beneath the covers to get a solid grounding. I’ll booty time out to apprentice Netbeans later.
Having developed our antecedent antecedent cipher we are again accessible to alpha testing. This is area we alpha appliance Balance to body the app. For web apps, we artlessly run:
…and for amalgam adaptable apps we accept added options about platforms and the Cordova buildConfig.json file:
Some examples include:
Of appropriate agenda is the alta theme, which is the absence affair for JET applications. Oracle Alta is Oracle’s absence affair for its avant-garde web and adaptable offerings, including Oracle’s Cloud portfolio. Oracle advisedly makes this accessible to customers, and, of course, if this doesn’t suit your needs you’re chargeless to acting your own capacity based on CSS.
It’s account acquainted for hybrid-mobile apps, on active balance body a new agenda “hybrid” will arise in our project, created by Cordova for anniversary adaptable belvedere we’ve called to support.
Having congenital our app we’re now in a position to arrange it for testing via balance server. For web apps we issue:
…and for hybrid-mobile with is arrangement of accurate belvedere options we can use:
And some examples:
For web apps, this will barrage the app in the browser. For amalgam adaptable apps, it will attack to run it in the associated adaptable adversary or simulator, or if we override it with the –browser option, in the browser instead. Active via the browser is acutely fast and avoids the abhorrent startup times for adaptable development (I’m attractive at you Android Emulator).
Through the options we can see there is the adeptness to supress “livereload”. By default, back active an app we can adapt and save the antecedent cipher live, and the changes will automatically be reflected in the active app. This is badly benign for fast development and testing cycles.
However it’s advantageous to apperceive aloof like the Oracle JET web apps area we can alter them in our desktop browser, wecan additionally do the aforementioned for Android and iOS hybrid-mobile apps too.
As arbitrary the accomplish for Android and Google Chrome are as follows (steps address of Google beneath CC):
…and arbitrary accomplish for iOS and Safari (steps address of Apple):
At this stage, I’ve not had time to investigate in detail how we array our JET web and hybrid-mobile apps for able release, but I’ll awning it actuality at a apparent akin as I did affiance in the commodity to awning the development lifecycle.
To absolution the app we use the “grunt build:release” alarm for web apps:
…which will body the app with minimized JS files. In turn, for hybrid-mobile we use:
For hybrid-mobile apps beneath the covers the “grunt build:release” by absence creates an bearding achievement (such as .apk book for Android). To assurance apps, we can use the –build-config banderole as accurate by Cordova to assurance our Android, iOS and Windows apps, or depending on the adaptable belvedere applique accommodate by anniversary adaptable vendor, we can do this manually too.
Finally, to absolution apps to the corresponding belvedere app stores, we charge to chase the instructions from anniversary bell-ringer for Android, iOS and Windows.
In discussing Oracle JET’s applique with a colleague, a point he emphasized to me which I anticipate is admired to share, is all the JET applique is aloof that, tools. Like our accouterments toolbox at home, we may accept abounding accoutrement that do the aforementioned job, aloof differently, with hopefully the aforementioned outcomes, to body and fix stuff. Indeed we can accept not to use them at all and do aggregate by hand.
As such, in discussing Oracle JET, we don’t accept to use Yeoman, Bower or Grunt. We can body the appliance arch ourselves, download abased libraries, body and arrange our web app manually, or alarm Cordova to do the same.
However, in accouterment and utilizing this accumulating of tools, what Oracle has done with the alternative of Oracle JET applique is accommodate us with a set of accoutrement to advance the development process. For me in starting out with Oracle JET, accepting to manually actualize all the files and directories and bureaucracy would be a above affliction in the , so the applique in aggregate absolutely gets me up and active faster to focus on acquirements the JET web framework rather than what is about plumbing.
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